At a time of economic unrest and widespread financial difficulties caused by the outbreak of COVID-19, cash generative tax reliefs can be a valuable asset to help offset lost revenue by introducing cash into your business.
Here, our tax team take a look at some of the tax reliefs and allowances which may help you during this time where cash is all important:
Research and Development Tax Credits
Research and Development (R&D) is a valuable tax relief that can generate significant cash repayments from HMRC for SME’s and large corporates. R&D tax credits allow any Limited Company (regardless of size and profitability) to make a claim for enhanced expenditure (depending on the claimant size and profit or loss position) in respect expenses incurred on eligible R&D activities. A successful R&D claim can bring about a number of benefits to your business in these challenging times.
Whilst the term ‘R&D’ sparks images of employees wearing white coats conducting experiments in laboratories, this is not always the case, and the relief can be a very valuable asset for companies who may not actually believe that the activities they undertake on a daily or project by project basis, are defined as eligible R&D in its purest sense. Industry examples not commonly associated with R&D are Manufacturing, Automotive, Food production, and Architectural Practices.
In fact, any business operating in any sector can be eligible for R&D tax credits If it is innovating, developing or improving a product or service. The key is that your project must contain some technical uncertainty and seek to achieve an advance in science or technology. The definitions are drawn fairly widely, and our experts can discuss this with you.
A claim for R&D tax relief can be made at any time within two years of the end of the accounting period in which the expenditure was incurred, so even if you have already filed your tax return for the relevant year, it may still be possible to make a claim. This is a critical point as this can enable previous corporation tax payments to be repaid in full or in part or if a loss is generated as a result of the claim, this can be exchanged for a repayable credit of 14.5%.
HMRC statistics prove that R&D tax reliefs are under-claimed and our specialist tax team are perfectly placed to help identify whether your company is eligible.
Impact of HMRC Time-To-Pay service on R&D
HMRC has set up a new telephone helpline (0800 0159 559) to support businesses and self-employed people concerned that they may not be able to pay their tax due to COVID-19. This includes the possibility of time to pay arrangements, dependent on individual circumstances.
In the event that you defer your corporation tax, your R&D claim could be affected, depending on financial circumstances and we can review this for you in the context of your own position.
Impact of the Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme on R&D
Announced by the Chancellor during the 2020 Budget, the Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme (CBILS) is now open for applications and can provide facilities of up to £5m for smaller businesses across the UK who are experiencing lost or deferred revenues, leading to disruptions to their cashflow.
If you claim for the Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme, you will still be eligible to apply for R&D, but you will be unable to claim any element of the loan if it is specifically used on qualifying development work. Claiming for R&D in this instance is still possible, but you will need to deduct the total amount of the CBILS loan money you put towards your qualifying expenditure from your claim.
Enhanced Capital Allowance Tax Credits
The Enhanced Capital Allowance (ECA) scheme was introduced to encourage companies to invest in greener and more efficient technologies. Businesses of any size can claim 100% first year allowances on investments made in eligible products and technologies.
ECA’s are often overlooked and instead included within the general pool for capital allowance purposes. It is a relief worth investing time in researching especially as purchases after April 20th will not qualify. There is however still time to consider previous purchases.
The product must qualify as plant and machinery and must be new and unused, not second-hand. It must also be a listed product. The Energy Technology List provides a full list of currently listed products.
Loss-making companies can also surrender any losses attributable to ECA in return for a cash payment from HMRC.
The Patent Box regime
The UK Patent Box regime was introduced to incentivise companies to retain and commercialise existing patents, and to develop new innovative patented products. It enables companies to apply a lower rate of 10% corporation tax to profits gained from patented inventions.
There are a number of requirements a company must meet in order to qualify for the regime:
- Be liable to pay corporation tax
- Makes a profit from exploiting a patented invention (the patent having been granted by the UK Intellectual Property Office, IPO, or the European Patent Office, EPO)
- Owns or has a licence to use the patent
- Created the patented invention itself, or significantly contributed to its creation
The reduced corporation tax rate of 10% will apply to all income earned from exploiting the patented technology. This could be income earned through selling patented products, licensing patent rights, or patent infringement claims.
In order to benefit claims must be made within 2 years of the end of the accounting period within which the relevant profits were made.
Loss carry back claims
In the event of a trading loss, companies can seek relief by carrying the loss back to a previous profit-making period and reclaim the corporation tax from that period. This needs to be within the last 12-month accounting period, where the company was carrying on the same trade.
The claim for loss relief needs to be submitted within two years after the accounting period of loss.
Land Remediation Relief
Land Remediation Relief provides a 150% tax deduction for qualifying expenditure incurred in the de-contamination of land acquired from a third party. Retrospective claims for Land Remediation Relief can be made up to 3 years after acquisition of the land.
Land Remediation Relief can be applied to costs resulting from the remediation of contaminated land including:
- Removal of asbestos from buildings
- Breaking-out buried structures
- Treatment of harmful organisms and naturally occurring contaminants such as Japanese Knotweed/radon/arsenic
In order to qualify:
- Land must be in the UK
- Land must be acquired by the company for the purposes of trade
- All or part of the land was in a contaminated state on acquisition
If any of the land is in a contaminated state due to changes made, or negligence by the company, the relief cannot be claimed.
A company that makes a loss can surrender losses attributable to Land Remediation Relief in return for a cash payment from HMRC.
Museums and Galleries Exhibition Tax Relief
The Museums and Galleries Exhibition Tax Relief allows companies to claim a tax credit on spending incurred in the production of an exhibition. Companies do not need to pay corporate tax in order to claim the relief.
To be eligible, the museum or gallery must be charitable or run by a local authority. Exhibitions and touring exhibitions qualify, although touring exhibitions are subject to further requirements.
Exhibitions must satisfy certain criteria in order to qualify. Exhibitions about artistic, historic or scientific significance qualify, but certain elements are excluded, including those in which anything displayed is for sale, and those including any live elements, such as animals.
The guidance for qualifying exhibitions is complex; our experts can help determine whether you qualify and how much relief you may be eligible for.
The maximum tax credit that can be claimed per production is:
- 20% or qualifying expenditure, capped at £80,000 for a non-touring production
- 25% of qualifying expenditure, capped at £100,000 for a touring production
In the event that an exhibition is loss-making, the loss may be surrendered in return for a tax credit.
Creative industry tax reliefs also apply to the following sectors, where companies can claim tax credits: Film, Animation, High-end Television, Video Games, Children’s Television, Theatre and Orchestra. Further details about these can be found here.
Historical capital allowance claims on commercial property
Commercial property capital allowances claims are another valuable form of tax relief which is often overlooked. The allowances are available to anyone who has incurred capital expenditure either buying, building or refurbishing commercial property or furnished holiday lets across the commercial sector. Capital allowances result in a deduction from profits and can therefore result in tax repayments and mitigation of future liabilities.
Allowances can be claimed on certain purchases or investments, known as ‘plant and machinery’ or ‘fixtures’. This includes items such as lifts, lighting, power supplies, cold water systems and items, such as fitted kitchens and sanitaryware. These costs can be deducted from your taxable profits in order to reduce your tax bill.
The process of claiming capital allowances can be time consuming, and the legislation increasingly complex, meaning a lot of businesses unknowingly underclaim if they have not sought appropriate advice. Whilst it is relatively simple to claim capital allowances when purchasing plant and equipment, complexities can also arise when determining the level of capital allowances that may be available in property refurbishment, construction or purchase. It is therefore vital that sufficient time is dedicated to such cases, ensuring a company’s eligible assets are accurately assessed against HMRC’s requirements, as this can provide a valuable boost to a taxpayer in these times.
It is often thought that capital allowances need to be claimed when the cost is incurred. In fact, there is no time limit for making the claim. As long as you still own the property and fixtures in the tax year you submit the claim, it may be possible to claim tax relief for expenditure dating back to when the property was first purchased or it was refurbished.
Our team of dedicated tax experts are on hand to help you plan a tailored and tax-efficient approach to tax affairs that ensures you and your business maximise the tax opportunities available. If you believe you may be entitled to unclaimed capital allowances, or have any other queries relating to tax reliefs, please get in touch with a member of our specialist tax team today.View the full brochure here